Useful links

Video/film resources on prostitution and sex trafficking

From Ireland

From around the world

Key international resources on commercial sexual exploitation

Survivor voices, platforms and advocacy

What is trafficking?

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: What is Human Trafficking.

United Nations General Assembly, 2000.  Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish 

Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information.

Prevalence of trafficking globally

United States of America Department of State, June 2018. Trafficking in Persons Report. New York: United States Department of State.  

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014.  Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. Vienna: UNODC.  

Europol, 2016.  Situation Report: Trafficking in Human Beings in the EU. The Hague: Europol.  

Links between prostitution and sex trafficking 

Seo-Young, C. Dreher, A and Neumayer, E., 2012. Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking? Economics of Security. 

O’Connor, M., and Healy, G. 2006. The Links between Prostitution and Sex Trafficking: A Briefing Handbook.  USA: CATW.  

Gender perspectives on human trafficking

Walby, S., Apitzsch, B., Armstrong, J.E., Balderston, S., Szmagalska-Follis, K., Francis, B.J., Kelly, L., May-Chahal, C.A., Rashid, A., Shire, K., Towers, J., Tunte, M., 2016.  Study on the Gender Dimension of Trafficking in Human Beings.  Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 

European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), 2018.  Gender Specific Measures in Anti-Trafficking Actions: Report.  Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.  

Prevalence of prostitution and sex trafficking in the Republic of Ireland 

The Immigrant Council of Ireland, the Women’s Health Project and Ruhama, 2009. Globalisation, Sex Trafficking and Prostitution: The Experiences of Migrant Women in Ireland. Dublin: ICI. 

Doras Luimní, 2015.  No Chance, No Choices – Human Trafficking and Prostitution in Limerick: Key Issues and Challenges.  Limerick: Doras Luimní. 

Legislation and policy on prostitution and trafficking in the Republic of Ireland 

A summary of relevant legislation can be found here

Oireachtas, 2008.  Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act, 2008. Available here

Oireachtas, 2013.  Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Amendment Act, 2008. Available here.

Houses of the Oireachtas Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality, 2013. Report on Hearings and Submissions on the Review of Legislation on Prostitution. Available here

Oireachtas 2017.  Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Act, 2017Available here

Department of Justice and Equality, 2016.  Second National Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking in Ireland.  Dublin: Department of Justice and Equality. Available here

Physical and mental health impacts of prostitution and sex trafficking 

Zimmerman, C. Hossain, M. Yun, K. Roche, B. Morison, L. and Watts, C., 2006. Stolen Smiles: A Summary Report on the Physical and Psychological Health Consequences of Women and Adolescents Trafficked in Europe. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 

Farley, M. Cotton, A. Lynne, J. Zumbeck, S. Spiwak, F. Reyes, M. Alvarez, D. and Sezgin, U., 

  1. Prostitution and Trafficking in Nine Countries: An Update on Violence and 

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder’. Journal of Trauma Practice, Vol. 2, No. 3/4, 2003, pp.33-74. 

Dispelling myths about prostitution

European Women’s Lobby, 2017.  18 Myths on Prostitution

Exodus Cry, 2017.  Ten Big Myths About Prostitution: Deconstructing the Deception of the Sex Industry

The cost of prostitution

Mouvement du Nid and Psytel, 2015. ‘ProstCost’: Estimate of the Economic and Social Cost of Prostitution in France – Summary of the Study’s Results

Research on sex buyers 

Farley, M. Golding, J. Schuckman Matthews, E., Malamuth, N.M., and Jarrett, L., 2015. ‘Comparing Sex Buyers with Men Who Do Not Buy Sex: New Data on Prostitution and Sex Trafficking.Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Immigrant Council of Ireland, 2014. Stop Traffick! Tackling Demand for Sexual Services of Trafficked Women and Girls. Dublin: ICI.

Farley, M. Bindel, J. and Golding, J., 2009. Men Who Buy Sex: Who They Buy and What They 

Know. London: Eaves and San Francisco: Prostitution Research and Education.

‘Sugar dating’ as sexual exploitation

CATW International, 2017.  Sugar Dating as Sexual Exploitation: Seeking Arrangement Research

Research cited in ‘Prostitution as Financial Aid: Three College Students Speak Out’, an interview with three college students conducted by CATW’s Executive Director, which originally appeared in The Huffington Post.

European approaches to prostitution policy and legislation

Honeyball, M., and the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, 2014. Report on Sexual Exploitation and Prostitution and Its Impact on Gender Equality (‘the Honeyball Report’). European Parliament. 

European Women’s Lobby and Mouvement du Nid, 2012.  Briefing: Assessment of Ten Years of Swedish and Dutch Policies on Prostitution.  

The Swedish Institute.  The Ban Against the Purchase of Sexual Services. An Evaluation 1999-2008 (Selected extracts of the Swedish government report SOU 2010:49), 2010.   

Specialist support services in the Republic of Ireland

The REACH Project  



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